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Types of Insurance Policies Available in Nigeria: Which One is Right for You?

27/04/20246 minute read
Types of Insurance Policies Available in Nigeria - Which One is Right for You?

Life is full of unexpected circumstances we cannot control, which is why insurance is very important.

Many types of insurance policies are available in Nigeria for you, your family, friends, colleagues, etc. Do not wait until the unexpected happens before you run around looking for help. Keep reading to find out the different types of insurance policies available in Nigeria and the one that is right for you.

Types of Insurance Policies Available in Nigeria

Insurance is a way of protecting yourself from financial risks. When you purchase insurance, you purchase protection from spending money on unexpected occurrences.

When something unexpected happens, such as an accident or health emergency, the insurance company covers the cost, and you don’t have to pay out of your own pocket.

Apart from individuals, businesses also obtain insurance policies for work hazards. For example, a construction company may cover an employee’s injuries from the construction site. Companies also buy health insurance for their employees as well.


There is nothing compared to the peace of mind you will get knowing that you are financially secure for different unplanned situations, including unfortunate death, accident, damage of vehicle or property, medical emergency, etc.

Unplanned situations like sudden sickness can drain your life savings if you are not protected by insurance. Paying for healthcare in Nigeria is very expensive, and if you want to do this continuously from your pocket, you will run the risk of getting poor, especially if your salary is low.

With insurance, the future of your children in terms of education is in safe hands. Even if things go wrong in the future, you will be comforted knowing that insurance will cover everything and make sure that your children get quality education.

Insurance will come to your rescue in times of need. If you are not under any insurance plan, make up your mind to do that today before it is too late. Below are the different types of insurance policies available in Nigeria.

1. Life Insurance Policy

This is an agreement between an insurance company and a policyholder. In this agreement, the insurance company receives a certain amount of money paid by the policyholder throughout his lifetime. When the person dies, the insurance company will pay a sum of money to the policyholder’s chosen beneficiary.


Good life insurance companies have good financial records and strength, high customer satisfaction, fewer complaints from customers, various policy types, and smooth applications.

There are different types of life insurance policies, including whole life, term life, and universal life insurance.

Term life insurance is best for you if you are concerned about budgeting; Whole life insurance is best for you if you have dependents, and Universal life insurance is best for you if you are focused on financial planning and cash value.

2. Health Insurance Policy

Health insurance is one of the most important types of insurance. It is a contract between an insurance company and the insured, where the insured pays a monthly amount called a premium to the insurance company. In return, the company covers the person’s healthcare costs.

As the insured person, the higher the monthly premium you pay to the insurance company, the less you pay for most of your healthcare costs from your pocket. The health insurance policy that is best for you is the one that has comprehensive coverage.


Comprehensive coverage includes Coverage for hospitalization expenses, Ambulance costs, Regular health check-ups, pre- and post-hospitalization expenses, Critical illness, and Alternative treatment options.

In Nigeria, everybody is eligible for the National Hospital Insurance Scheme, and the law mandates that everybody get health insurance.

3. Disability Insurance Policy

Disability insurance is insurance that covers a person’s cost of living when they are disabled due to an injury or illness and cannot work. There are two major types of disability insurance: short-term disability and long-term disability.

Short-term disability can last for two years, while long-term disability can last throughout a person’s lifetime. Disability insurance is available through both public and private programs in Nigeria.

The right type of disability insurance depends on your needs, but long-term disability insurance provides the most protection.


4. Homeowner Insurance

Homeowners insurance is the kind of insurance that pays for losses and damages to your home. It covers the furnishings and other assets in the home as well.

This type of insurance also provides liability coverage for damage to the interior and damage to the exterior, damage or loss of private assets, and property-based injuries.

Homeowner insurance is very important, and you need it in case of flood or any unplanned accident that may occur in your home.

5. Auto Insurance Policy

Auto Insurance is another important type of insurance that every vehicle owner should buy. It will cover the cost of your vehicle if you are involved in an accident or the vehicle is stolen, vandalized, or damaged.

Instead of waiting for the damage to happen and paying out of your pocket, purchasing auto insurance and paying annual premiums to an auto insurance company is better. You can opt to pay the premiums monthly, biannually, or yearly.


The best auto insurance for you is a comprehensive car insurance policy. This type of insurance provides complete protection and covers third-party liabilities, too.

6. Travel Insurance

Travel insurance covers financial losses and risks associated with travelling. It is useful for domestic or international travel.

The main types of travel insurance include baggage and personal effects coverage, trip cancellation or interruption coverage, medical coverage, rental property and rental car coverage, and accidental death coverage.

If you are a tourist or someone who travels often, this type of insurance is best for you.

The Bottom Line

Navigating life’s uncertainties requires foresight and preparation. Insurance is vital in safeguarding oneself and loved ones against unforeseen events. In Nigeria, various insurance policies cater to various needs, ensuring financial security amidst life’s unpredictability.


Each policy serves a distinct purpose, from life insurance, which provides peace of mind and financial support to beneficiaries, to health insurance, which mitigates the burden of healthcare expenses. Disability insurance steps in to support individuals during disability, while homeowner and auto insurance shield against property and vehicular losses, respectively.

Travel insurance offers protection during journeys, addressing potential mishaps with comprehensive coverage. Embracing insurance shields against financial hardship and fosters a sense of security and stability.

As you assess your needs, consider Nigeria’s various insurance options. Whether securing your family’s future with life insurance or ensuring comprehensive health coverage, proactive decision-making today can mitigate regrettable outcomes tomorrow. Don’t wait for adversity to strike; invest in insurance now and embark on a journey of financial resilience and peace of mind.

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